Cornel Tatai-Baltă, Anca Elisabeta Tatay, Représentations de saint Jean Chrysostome dans la xylographie des livres roumains anciens (XVIIe–XIXe siècle)

Cornel Tatai-Baltă - Université „1 Decembrie”, Alba Iulia
Anca Elisabeta Tatay - Bibliothèque de l’Académie Roumaine, Cluj
TOME LV 2017
p. 263-276
Online publication date: 
woodcut, typography, John Chrysostom, Iaşi, Bucharest, Râmnic, Blaj, Kiev

Saint John Chrysostom is represented in woodcuts which decorate the Gospels or other Romanian religious books printed in Moldovia, Wallachia and Transylvania during the 17th-19th centuries. He is rendered alone or together with saints Basil the Great and Gregory of Nazians or by the side of Basil the Great, Gregory and Jacob, Lord’s brother. He wears bishop’s garments and his head is usually uncovered. His appearance and bearing recall old prototypes such as the one executed in mosaic in the Church of Saint Sophia from Constantinople (the end of the 9th century or the 10th century). Sometimes, the Romanian xylographers use the Ukrainian illustrations as models.